Collection: Anti-Ageing Skin Care

 The Ageing Process

The skin is the body’s largest organ. It is extremely durable but, eventually, skin does succumb to the process of ageing.

What Happens When You Age? Understanding the Science of Ageing.

Reduction Proliferation of Skin Cells There is a reduction in the proliferation of skin cells. The production and movement of new cells slows down, and the visible cells of the face are renewed less often/become older.

Loss of Facial Fat Pads When you age you lose some soft tissue in certain areas of the face. This means you lose fullness in places and get sagging in others.

Reduced metabolism of skin cells Ageing skin cells have reduced levels of metabolism. The cells start to struggle to produce important molecules like hyaluronic acid (a natural moisturiser) and to get rid of unhelpful molecules that affect collagen and elastin destruction.

Change in Skin Barrier Function When you are younger the skin has an abundance of collagen and elastin (for elasticity and plumpness) but these degrade in older skin, making it looser, more sagging and less elastic.

Bony resorption In the ageing process the balance of bone production versus bone destruction tips towards destruction. This then changes the structure of the shape of the face, including the amount of cheek bone definition and the projection of the lips.

    How Will My Skin Age Exactly?

    You will have examined your skin and observed some of the signs of ageing we’ve described. Common and visible signs of skin ageing are the thinning of the skin, fine lines and wrinkles and a loss of elasticity.

    To understand exactly how your skin is ageing or will age, it is important to understand the factors that will affect you specifically.

    • These factors are internal, like your genetics, ethnicity, your Fitzpatrick skin type, the skin condition you have and hormonal changes.
    • Other factors are also external, like the amount of stress or UV Radiation you are exposed to, your skin care regimen, infections you may suffer from, your diet, water intake and levels of physical activity.

    Understanding the combination of factors that will predict how your skin will age is the bedrock of Dr Jeni’s approach to creating an anti-ageing treatment that is bespoke to you.

    Please complete our Fitzpatrick skin type test to find out more about your skin.

    Ethnicity Affects the Ageing Process

    Talking about anti-ageing would not be complete without talking about how our ethnicity affects the ageing process. Recently, greater effort has been placed in examining the impact of ethnicity on the ageing process, due to the physiological differences observed in the skin of different ethnicities.

    These studies have demonstrated how our ethnicity affects the bone density and structural appearance of our faces, the levels of collagen/elastin in the skin, how the skin handles photoaging (due to melanisation), and the overall thickness of the skin (which affects its ability to withstand environmental changes).

    How Can I Treat My Skin? What Anti-Ageing Products Can I Use?

    Every anti-ageing skin care routine should include the following ingredient-types, but the ratios and specifics of the ingredients will be determined by the person’s individuality.

    • Moisturizing Agents Maintaining good hydration levels helps support a healthy skin barrier function. This is beneficial to older skin which is usually more dehydrated because it helps prevent water loss from the surface of the skin.
    • Resurfacing Agents Removing the outermost superficial layer of skin helps stimulate new skin cell production. Some resurfacing agents also target the synthesis of key skin components like collagen, helping create structural integrity.
    • Antioxidants Antioxidants target the removal of unhelpful molecules that are produced within the skin through natural metabolic processes, or through external factors like UV damage, pollution, and tobacco smoking.
    • Peptides Peptides are thought to be very valuable for their ability to support skin cell regeneration, especially for ageing skin.
    • Sunscreens Using sunscreen prevents one of the biggest factors in premature ageing of the skin, also known as photoageing.

     

    Recommended Treatment

    If your skin has started to age you will need to think about a treatment plan to cover all the bases. The good news is there are several powerhouse ingredients whose benefits will complement each other to fight the signs of ageing.

    Hero Ingredients

    Niacinamide is the water-soluble, active form of vitamin B3. Niacinamide will improve your skin's levels of moisture, helping fight the signs of ageing.
      • In clinical studies, nicotinamide improved fine lines and wrinkles, hyperpigmented spots, red blotchiness, and skin sallowness (yellowing) as well as elasticity.
      • One study showed nicotinamide to increase the skin's production of ceramides, which are natural emollients and skin protectants,  improving hydration.
    Hyaluronic Acid is known for its ability to provide skin with valuable hydration.  It is a naturally occurring humectant in the skin. That means it attracts up to 1000 times its weight in water. Basically, it draws water to skin cells, providing surface hydration. Hyaluronic Acid will moisturise your skin effectively and reduce fine lines and wrinkles.
      • The hydration enabled by Hyaluronic Acid helps to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
      • In fact, it can reduce the appearance of aging for months at a time without any of the concerns that would normally accompany an antiaging procedure.
    Pro Vit B5 is best known for being a humectant, a substance that keeps things moist. Provitamin B5 hydrates, protects and regenerates. By applying Pro-Vitamin B5 you are maximising your skin's hydration and fighting the signs of ageing.
      • Provitamin B5 protects the skin’s barrier and helps it withhold moisture.
      • Provitamin B5 helps reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
      • Provitamin B5 is a natural skin healer and protector

    Peptides are chains of amino acids (essential building blocks of the skin) that help target signs of aging. Through various mechanisms, topically applied peptides encourage the skin to enhance its production of essential components, such as collagen.

    Here are some of the peptides we use:
      • Matrixyl 3000 and Matrixyl Synthe’6 peptide complexes help to reduce the look of lines, wrinkles, and surface irregularities.
      • Syn-Ake peptide complex targets the appearance of dynamic lines and wrinkles.
      • Relistase peptide complex helps to improve the look of skin elasticity and firmness.
      • 1% copper tripeptide (GHK-Cu) focuses on skin health and repair.
      • Peptides, individually or together, can target multiple signs of ageing.
    Mandelic acid is an ingredient that increases cellular turnover, ultimately producing new skin cells and creating a fresh look and feel for your face.
      • Mandelic acid may help stimulate collagen production, which tends to decrease with age. This can help soften the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines, resulting in a more vibrant, youthful appearance.
      • Mandelic acid also treats some forms of hyperpigmentation and sun damage.
    Lactic acid is specifically used to treat age spots, and other factors that contribute to a dull and uneven complexion. It helps to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
      • Other benefits of AHAs like lactic acid include improved skin tone and reduced pore appearance.
      • Lactic acid brightens, smooths and evens skin, while also making it look firmer.
    Ferulic Acid is a naturally occurring antioxidant. It hydrates the skin, preserves its integrity and treats the signs of premature ageing.
      • Whilst protecting and caring for your skin, Ferulic acid decreases the development of lines, wrinkles, brown spots and other signs of premature ageing.
      • It also works to boost the effects of other antioxidants.
    Resveratrol is 100% derived from Japanese Knotweed. It is a powerful antioxidant which will fight oxidative stress, increase radiance and reduce the signs of ageing.
      • It helps make the skin less vulnerable to oxidative stress and the negative effects of UV radiation. 
      • In skincare, its role is to effectively scavenge for free radicals to increase radiance and reduce signs of ageing.
    Tretinoin is a natural occurring form of Vitamin A. It is used on the skin to treat the effects of ageing on the face, such as fine lines, wrinkles or age spots.
      • Tretinoin products report success in reducing wrinkles and creating a youthful and refreshing complexion.
      • By affecting the way in which skin cells develop, tretinoin can prevent common signs of ageing.
    Glycolic Acid has effective skin-renewing properties. It plumps, smooths and exfoliates the skin, as well as boosting hydration and so it is often used in anti-ageing products.
      •      It smooths fine wrinkles and improves skin tone and texture
      •      Glycolic Acid acts as an exfoliant, helping shed dead skin           cells and revealing the brighter layer underneath.


     

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